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Research and Scholarship
Groundbreaking Research on Quantum Feedback Published
Alexander Korotkov, a professor of electrical engineering, co-authored a paper published in the journal Nature on Oct. 4. The paper presents the first-ever experiment on quantum feedback in a solid-state system. The experiment is groundbreaking and will possibly open a new field of research. The classical feedback is practically everywhere, ranging from anti-lock brakes to pacemakers, and this experiment may eventually lead to applications of quantum feedback in quantum computing and in quantum sensing.
Electronic Nose Developed
Research by Nosang Myung, a professor at the Bourns College of Engineering, has enabled a Riverside company to develop an “electronic nose” prototype that can detect small quantities of harmful airborne substances.
Nano Engineered Applications, Inc., an Innovation Economy Corp. company, has completed the prototype which is based on intellectual property exclusively licensed from the University of California. The device has potential applications in agriculture (detecting pesticide levels), industrial sites (detecting gas leaks, combustion emissions), homeland security (warning systems for bio-terrorism) and the military (detecting chemical warfare agents).
The Asian American Vote
Asian Americans likely to vote in November strongly prefer Barack Obama over Mitt Romney, but a large portion of voters – nearly one-third – remain undecided and could play a crucial role in battleground states, according to two reports released by the National Asian American Survey (NAAS). Karthick Ramakrishnan, associate professor of political science and director of the NAAS, says, “Asian American voters are getting a considerable amount of attention from the presidential campaigns this year.”
Drawn from a nationally representative sample of more than 3,300 interviews, the reports offer the most comprehensive portrait of Asian American political views.
Chase-Dunn Paper in Cooperation and Conflict
Christopher Chase-Dunn, distinguished professor of sociology, and Hiroko Inoue, a lecturer in liberal studies, have published a paper, “Accelerating Democratic Global State Formation,” in the peer-reviewed journal Cooperation and Conflict.
The paper discusses the evolution of the international system and global governance within the Europe-centered modern world-system since the 15th century within a comparative framework that includes interpolity systems since the Stone Age.
“It is not claimed that a global state has already emerged, but (we) see the long-term processes as the early stages of the emergence of a world state, and consider how these processes might be accelerated within the next few decades,” the researchers wrote.
Chagas Acclaimed in Austria
A multimedia work for music and dance by Paulo C. Chagas, professor and chair of the Department of Music, received critical acclaim for performances during the prestigious ImPuls Tanz Festival in Vienna, Austria, in August. The dance company Ismael Ivo/Johannes Kresnik performed “Francis Bacon” nine times during the monthlong, international dance festival.
“Francis Bacon” is a 70-minute composition for soprano, countertenor, baritone, string quartet, percussion and electronic sounds inspired by the life and paintings of the famous British artist Francis Bacon (1909-1992).
Chagas also collaborated with Hans-Ulrich Werner to write a book, “Digital Composition,” with accompanying DVD, published earlier this year by the University of Siegen. The project is a collaboration between UCR, the Technical University of Offenburg and the University of Siegen (both Germany) and features texts, music and audiovisual compositions by Chagas.
The texts focus on the evolution of electronic music from the production in a large studio to the emergency of digital composition.
Khan on Indian Democracy
Tabassum Ruhi Khan, assistant professor of media and cultural studies, analyzes the bitter debate over construction of the Narmada Dam in central India and what it says about democracy in India in a paper published by the peer-reviewed International Journal of Communication.
In “‘Dam’ the Irony for Greater Common Good: A Critical Cultural Analysis of the Narmada Dam Debate,” Khan analyzes why a powerful essay by Arundhati Roy criticizing the project as benefiting the few at the expense of India’s poor was misread and dismissed as an antidevelopment diatribe.
“The Narmada Dam debate is a longstanding and highly polemical struggle over a river valley whose factions are split between those rendered homeless in the wake of the dam’s construction and those others upholding the dam’s essentialness for the nation’s development and progress,” Khan explains. “The struggle marks an ongoing controversy over the meaning of development and its purported beneficiaries since Nehru’s (the first prime minister of independent India) endorsement of dam projects as ‘the temples of modern India.’ The Narmada Dam debate is important not only because it exemplifies perseverance for human rights in the face of rising stridency in the struggle over precious resources in neoliberal globalizing India but also because it marks the emerging importance of mediated spaces as the site for both enunciation and contestation of environmental issues.”